Burr hole surgery ppt

Burr hole is making only a small hole in the skull instead of removing a portion ; Your whole body is affected by the procedure because its your brain and your brain controls basically your whole body but the main system it affects is the nervous system; 8 weeks being the full recover 27 cases(64.3)with burr hole and sub dural drainage were discharged home for self care. 20. 16 cases(8.6)discharged to another specialist department for treatment of accompyning disease. 8 cases(5.3) in craniotomy group and ; 3 cases(7.2) in burr hole group were sent to nursing home. 7 cases(4.6)of craniotomy group an

Burr holes are used to help relieve pressure on the brain when fluid, such as blood, builds up and starts to compress brain tissue. A layer of thin tissues called meninges surround and help protect the brain. These meninges contain blood vessels that carry blood to and from the brain. The dura is the outermost of these meninges Understanding a Burr Hole Procedure. Burr holes are small holes that a neurosurgeon makes in the skull. Burr holes are used to help relieve pressure on the brain when fluid, such as blood, builds up and starts to press on brain tissue. This buildup of blood is dangerous. As the blood builds, it pushes up against the skull and has nowhere to go During burr hole surgery, the surgeon will use a surgical handpiece to drill small holes in the skull in the area requiring drainage. He or she will keep the holes as small and as few as possible. The surgeon will then create an opening in the dura, the membranous covering of the brain, to drain the built-up hematoma

A burr hole is a small hole drilled into your skull. Burr holes are used when brain surgery becomes necessary. A burr hole itself can be a medical procedure that treats a brain condition, such as A burr hole is a hole that is surgically placed in the skull, also known as the cranium. Burr holes are placed to facilitate further surgery or maybe the only disruption in the skull, depending upon the nature of the issue. Quite simply, a burr hole is a small hole made in the skull with a surgical drill. The burr hole can be made for a variety. A Burr Hole Cover that fails to function within normal tolerances within one (1) year from the date of surgery is covered under this Limited Warranty. The liability of Boston Scientific under this warranty shall be limited to: (a) replacement with a functionally equivalent Burr Hole Cover; or (b) full credit equal.

INTRODUCTION. TO SURGERY SIEGFRIED JAMES T. YAP, MD GENERAL, CANCER AND LAPAROSCOPIC SURGEON DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY AMA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Latin, chirurgia cheirourgia, from the Greek cheir meaning hand + ergon meaning work is the branch ofmedicinethat deals with the physical manipulation of a bodily structure to diagnose, prevent, or cure an ailment. CHRONIC SUBDURAL HEMATOMA-CRANIOTOMY VS BURR HOLE TREPANATION - CHRONIC SUBDURAL HEMATOMA-CRANIOTOMY VS BURR HOLE TREPANATION INTRODUCTION 1) PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: USER Created Date: A craniotomy is a major brain surgery in which a bone flap from the skull is temporarily removed to have an access to the brain. This.

Craniotomy - SlideShar

Chronic SDH Surgery - burr hole signs of increased ICP clot thickness >10mm cognitive impairment motor impairment RAISED INTRACRANIAL RAISED INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE PRESSURE The three normal contents of the cranial vault are brain tissue ( 80% ), blood ( 10% ), and CSF ( 10% ) Normal state - ICP normal 4-14 mmHg - normal >20mmHg - abnorma Burr hole surgery is a serious procedure performed under the supervision of a neurosurgeon. It's usually performed in emergency cases when pressure on READ MOR Pneumocephalus is the result of fracture of the posterior table in association with a dural tear. Small areas of pneumocephalus can be observed and allowed to resorb. Tension pneumocephalus results from accumulation of air in the subdural space under pressure and can cause a midline shift and compress the brain it difficult or even impossible to perform surgery for complex brain or spinal cord pathologies. Until now the provision of a Surgical Microscope and/or a Basic Set of Neurosurgical Instruments of high quality and at very low cost, solved the problem of many of our colleagues and of course patients in developing countries around the world

Ppt - Chronic Subdural Hematoma-craniotomy Vs Burr Hole

  1. Your head will be held in place by a device which will be removed at the end of the surgery. The scalp will be pulled up and clipped to control bleeding while providing access to the brain. A medical drill may be used to make burr holes in the skull. A special saw may be used to carefully cut the bone
  2. The mean time of admission to the surgical room was 27.59 ± 20.71 hours. The indication for surgery was based on clinical data in 17 (27.4%) patients, clinical and x-ray data in 27 (43.6%) patients, and computed tomography scan data in 18 (29%) patients. A burr-hole exploration was performed in 17 (27.4%) patients
  3. Figure 4 Incorrect placement of the draining catheter by burr hole. Notes: (A, B) MRI showing a CSDH on the left side before the operation. (C, D) CT scan showing inadvertent placement of the catheter in the brain parenchyma after burr-hole surgery. Abbreviations: CSDH, chronic subdural hematoma; CT, computed tomography; MRI, magnetic resonance.
  4. On the 18 th day after the burr hole surgery, the patient underwent a right hemicolectomy with side-to-side anastomosis because of intestinal obstruction. During the surgery, a tumor measuring 4.0 × 4.0 × 1.5 cm 3 was found near the ileocecal valve. Metastasis to the greater omentum with serosal penetration was also intraoperatively noted
  5. Start studying Head Injury PPT. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. •Surgery if necessary •Concussion and contusion •Subdural and epidural hematomas •Surgical evacuation •Craniotomy, burr-holes •Craniectomy if extreme swelling. Open Cranial Neurosurgical Procedures •Craniotomy.
  6. uw medicine neurological surgery what is neurological surgery what is required of the student we give you a bookwe ask thatyou read rounds 6amacgme hours eat breakfast, work with residents, be assigned an attending mentor go to the or go to the ed work up some patients burr holes in the or out before 8 pm call only if you so desire what do you get out of it
  7. Craniotomy is a surgery to cut a bony opening in the skull. A section of the skull, called a bone flap, is removed to access the brain underneath. A The burr holes allow entrance of a e (Fig. 3). The cut bone flap is lifted and ose the brain (Fig. 4). correct the proble

In patients with small frontal sinuses, two low burr holes are made approximately 3 to 4 cm above the midorbits, followed by a low craniotomy usually extending into the frontal sinus and down to the orbits. Bone cuts are made from the frontal sinus into the orbits just medial to the neurovascular pedicles Indications for surgery: SDH with thickness greater than 10 mm or midline shift greater than 5 mm; Comatose patient (GCS < 9) with lesion less than 10mm or midline shift less than 5 mm, if GCS decreased by 2 or more points between time of injury and hospital presentation; Patient presents with an asymmetric/fixed or dilated pupi Acute Intracranial Problems PPT. Presentation Summary : Acute Intracranial Problems. Megan McClintock, MS, RN. Cranial Surgery. Burr hole. Craniotomy. Craniectomy. Each burr hole is connected by the craniotome, or a solitary burr hole can be used as both the starting and ending point for the craniotomy. Once the complete bone flap is drilled out, a flap elevator is placed underneath the bone and used to lift while a Penfield no. 3 dissector separates the underlying attached dura A, D, Massive hematoma observed preoperatively. B, C, One day (B) and 1 month (C) following endoscopic surgery, the mass effect was decreased. E, Surgical window for endoscopic procedure, showing the small hole (diameter, 20 mm) for inserting and maneuvering endoscopic instruments

Burr Holes Johns Hopkins Medicin

On the one hand, burr hole surgery could improve the symptomatic hemisphere; on the other hand, it could also prevent further stroke events on nonsymptomatic hemisphere during the natural progress of MMD. The detailed procedures of burr hole surgery were essentially the same as those for burr hole openings for external ventricular drainage Burr hole placement Generally, burr hole placement is performed in septic patients with confirmed parafalcine empyemas, or when the patient is considered too frail to undergo the craniotomy . [3] In the burr hole placement technique, a previous imaging study accurately localizes the collection of pus to be evacuated

Twist drill and burr hole craniostomy are suggested for primary treatment with or without symptoms; twist drill craniostomy is used especially in patients with multiple comorbidities [3, 4]. Craniotomy permits a good exposure to the brain and is the most effective technique to manage complicated cases The practice of trepanning (referred to today as a craniotomy) dates back to the Neolithic period. Reasons for drilling a hole through the skull evolved from releasing evil spirits and curing insanity to practical management of head injuries in ancient Greece and Rome. Today, craniotomy or drilling a burr hole through the skull is very much the purview of the neurosurgeon

Doctors often treat subdural hematomas with surgery to ease pressure on the brain. Your doctor may use a variety of surgeries to treat the hematoma. These include: Cutting a flap of skull open to remove the blood (craniotomy) Drilling a hole in the skull to allow the blood to drain (burr hole The cranial access for the case is typically a burr hole; however, a mini craniotomy can also be performed. The dural incision need only be large enough to accommodate the sheath diameter (≈7 mm). Intraoperative cross-sectional CT imaging (cone-beam CT or portable conventional CT) immediately after the evacuation is advantageous for the. Surgery is usually realised by twist-drill craniostomy and spontaneous haematoma evacuation1 2 and/or catheter drainage,3, -, 5 larger craniotomy evacuation and membranectomy,6, -, 9 and burr-hole craniostomy with or without continuous closed drainage.10, -, 19 The optimal surgical management is still a matter of debate. The complications. The frontotemporosphenoidal craniotomy, usually denominated pterional craniotomy, was first described by Yasargil in 1975 and is one of the earliest landmarks of the advents of microneurosurgery 1-3.This approach enables, specifically, the exposure of the entire frontoparietal operculum 4,5, the opening of the entire sylvian fissure 6,7 and all anterior cisterns of the encephalon base 2,5. Surgical management of cSDH. The percentage of patients who undergo surgery versus conservative management varies widely in the literature, from a low of 30% to almost 90%.13 15 Surgical approaches have traditionally included twist drill hole, burr hole, and craniotomy based evacuations. Although many small comparative studies exist comparing the various surgical management techniques to each.

Understanding a Burr Hole Procedure - Fairvie

  1. The authors suggested that treatment can be delivered endoscopically and, if there are intracranial complications, with a burr hole . In a review of 32 patients, Akiyama et al. reported that external surgical procedure was chosen in 58.1% of cases, but endoscopic sinus surgery was frequently selected in 32.9% of reports, although external.
  2. ed by the nature of the procedure and what is to be accomplished during the surgery
  3. Anesthetics. Currently, several techniques are used in clinical practice, mainly divided into 2 groups: (1) Asleep-awake-asleep. The patient will have GA with laryngeal mask airway/endotracheal tube (LMA/ETT) for the craniotomy and closure but awakened and extubated for mapping and resection. (2) Awake-awake-awake
  4. ed. Surgical hematoma drainage has many theoretical benefits, such.
  5. antly a disease of the elderly. It usually follows a
  6. A burr hole is placed at Kocher's point to avoid the superior sagittal sinus and frontal cortex motor strip. This point is located by drawing one line in the midline from the nasion to a point 10 cm back and another from the previous point to a site 3 cm lateral to it, along the ipsilateral midpupillary line
  7. Burr hole craniotomy is the most accepted surgical treatment of chronic SDHs. It has been shown to be an effective treatment with a low incidence of complications in spite of patients' advanced age and associated comorbid diseases. 24,27,28 Recent technical advances have resulted in lower mortality, reduced re-operative rate, and shorter.

Burr Hole Drainage Surgery & Recovery Informatio

B. Skin clips are placed for hemostasis, and burr holes elevate the skull bone flap. C-D. The bone flap is removed, the dura mater is opened to expose and release an epidural hematoma, and bleeding vessels are ligated An 81-year-old right-handed woman with hypertension developed mild left hemiparesis over 1 week. Computed tomography of the head showed a right acute on chronic subdural hematoma (SDH). She underwent burr hole evacuation, her weakness resolved, and she was discharged to home after 4 days hole drainage of the CSDH at first, and the appearance of the SDE occurred within one month. Diagnoses: A contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), revealed both the SDE and diffuse meningitis in all patients. Interventions: In Case 1, because the patient was very young, burr hole drainage of the SDE, rather than craniotomy, was performed.

Twenty patients had only CSF shunt implantation; 94 had burr hole trepanation; 75 had vascular interventional surgery; 158 had transspenoidal surgery; 56 had spinal surgery. Two patients died within 7 days after surgery and medical records of 2 patients were incomplete. All of the above 407 were excluded from our study A burr hole was performed over the trapped segment of the left transverse sinus. Using a roadmap assistance, an Echelon 10 microcatheter (Medtronic, USA) was advanced over a Synchro 14 (Stryker, USA) microwire into the isolated sinus segment after direct puncture with a micropuncture needle Objective: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment options for chronic subdural haematoma in contemporary neurosurgery according to evidence based criteria. Methods: A review based on a Medline search from 1981 to October 2001 using the phrases subdural haematoma and subdural haematoma AND chronic. Articles selected for evaluation had at least 10 patients and less than 10% of. Epidural hematoma usually results from a brief linear contact force to the calvaria that cause separation of the periosteal dura from bone and disruption of interposed vessels due to shearing stress. Skull fractures occur in 85-95% of adult cases, but they are much less common in children because of the plasticity of the immature calvaria

Burr Hole: Pros and Cons of the Surgical Procedur

However, with the advent of the endoscope, a long and thin high-definition camera, the burr hole serves as the entry port for the endoscope in a variety of intracranial approaches. Creating a burr hole involves drilling a small hole into the skull, revealing the underlying dura mater, the outermost of the 3 meninges covering the brain Consider skull trephination (burr hole surgery) as a temporizing procedure in patients with neurological deterioration if neurosurgical expertise is not immediately available. Minimize the duration of time between the onset of neurological decline and surgical clot evacuation Burr-hole surgery can be done under local anesthesia in most of the patients. The surgery for CSDH under monitored anesthesia using conscious sedation has been found to be safe and effective in some cases. Conscious sedation using monitored anesthesia care may facilitate patient comfort and surgical competence in CSDH

Burr Hole Surgery - Introduction - Verywell Healt


The knowledge of sutural joints between frontal, parietal, sphenoid and temporal bones at pterion is clinically, radiologically and surgically important during surgical interventions involving burr hole surgeries. Materials and Methods: Study performed on 150 dry temporal bones. The pterion, and its sutural articulations with frontal, parietal. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity with a significant loss of functional capacity and a huge socioeconomic burden. Road traffic accidents are the most common (60%) cause followed by falls and violence in India and worldwide. This case discusses the story of a 23-year-old man with severe TBI-subdural haematoma, who presented in a comatose state

Two patients with large bilateral subdural haematomas with patterns of non-enhanced brain computed tomography (CT) falsely suggesting coexistent subarachnoid haemorrhage are presented. The CT images showed marked effacement of the basal cisterns with hyperdense signal along the tentorium, sylvian fissure, and the perimesencephalic cisterns. In both cases, the suspicion of subarachnoid. The burr hole washout treatment is a better method over the craniotomy More people with the burr hole washout treatment were discharged home over the craniotomy, versus being discharged to a nursing home or in therapy. The cost difference makes the burr hole washout more economically viable, based solely on operation time. Strength Bila hasilnya negatif, burr hole ke dua dilakukan dilakukan di daerah frontal yaitu 2 cm di depan sutura coronaria pada mid pupillary line, ke tiga di daerah parieto-oksipital yaitu 4-6 cm diatas pinna dan ke empat di daerah fossa posterior. Bila hasilnya tetap negatif, burr holes dilakukan pada sisi kontralateral sesuai denga DBS Surgery Scalp is numbed so surgeon can make a small incision in the skin and an opening into the skull is drilled (Burr hole). Equipment is set up and lead is inserted You may be awake or asleep for lead placement and test stimulation with equal outcomes. For some targets, placement of the lead is done by th

Slide 1-. Anesthesia for Intracranial Aneurysm Surgery Pekka O. Talke, MD. Slide 2-. Aneurysms 2-5 % population 30K SAH/yr 2/3 get to hospital 1/3 in hospital severely disabled or dead Unruptured:1-2%/yr rupture Ruptured: 50% rerupture within 6 mo Urgent, not emergent cases. Slide 3- appearence, the neurosurgeon opted for semi-elective surgery and admitted the patient for close observation with Dexamethasone 4 mg twice daily. During surgery the next day a bilateral burr hole was made, the dura mater was incised and access to both hematomas was achieved. Two partially liquified, dark redcoloured hematomas were evacuated seizures, neuroimaging, anticonvulsants, epilepsy surgery Abstract Diagnostic tools and treatment options for epilepsy have expanded oratories are now routinely used for clinical purposes. Medications convexities through small burr holes, which eliminates the muscle artifact that may con-taminate scalp leads. This technique may b


Eligibility criteria. Inclusion criteria are: mentally competent adults between 18 and 60 years of age who will undergo resective surgery for unilateral drug-resistant TLE, or for a tumour or vascular abnormality, or burr hole surgery for tumour biopsy ().Exclusion from this study occurs in case of pregnancy, history of established hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia, stroke or. A 59-year-old female patient was scheduled for burr-hole drainage of a subdural hematoma she had sustained in a fall. The night before the surgery, the patient was evaluated by a neurosurgeon and a third-year neurosurgery resident. The burr-hole procedure was agreed upon, the risks and benefits were discussed with the patient and her husband.

617 Craniotomy PPTs View free & download PowerShow

Understanding a Burr Hole Procedure Saint Luke's Health

  1. A craniotomy is done in different ways depending on the type of surgery that follows it. The types of craniotomies are: A traditional craniotomy where the bone flap or part of the skull is removed and put back in place once the surgery is complete. A burr hole where only a small hole is made in the skull instead of removing a portion of the skull
  2. g of surgery on outcomes. We investigated factors influencing time to surgery and its impact on outcomes of interest. Methods Patients with CSDH who underwent burr-hole craniostomy were.
  3. Surgery may save your life during a stroke, and can also keep you from having another one. Learn more about some common procedures to lower your stroke risk
  4. A left frontal burr hole was created for the approach. Multiple dirty yellowish‐orange microgranulations and abnormal substances were observed in the lateral and third ventricles. Septostomy was performed with biopsy forceps, a 3‐Fr balloon catheter, and monopolar cutting to allow for effective and thorough irrigation of both lateral.
  5. An alternative is to create multiple burr holes to allow formations of local collaterals 9. History and etymology. The term moyamoya comes from a Japanese expression for something hazy just like a puff of cigarette smoke drifting in the air and was first described by Suzuki and Takaku in 1969 1. Differential diagnosi
  6. For more information about epilepsy surgery, or to find help linking to an epilepsy center near you, call 1-800-332-1000 (en Español 1-866-748-8008) and speak with our caring team of professionals. Authored By: Elaine Kiriakopoulos MD, MSc. Patty Osborne Shafer RN, MN. on
  7. Introduction Pott's puffy tumour (PPT) is a rare complication of rhinosinusitis and is characterised by osteomyelitis of the frontal bone and subperiosteal abscess formation. It usually requires urgent neurosurgical and or ENT intervention. In addition to sinus infection, PPT secondary to trauma, craniotomy, otitis media and intranasal cocaine use has also been described. Presentation A 14.

More severe or dangerous subdural hematomas require surgery to reduce the pressure on the brain. Surgeons can use various techniques to treat subdural hematomas: Burr hole trephination Malignant stroke occurs in a subgroup of patients suffering from ischemic cerebral infarction and is characterized by neurological deterioration due to progressive edema, raised intracranial pressure, and cerebral herniation. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a surgical technique aiming to open the closed box represented by the non-expandable skull in cases of refractory intracranial. StealthStation™ S8 Surgical Navigation System. The StealthStation™ S8 surgical navigation system has an intuitive interface, improved patient registration software, and advanced visualization to navigate neurosurgery procedures. The system offers optical and Electromagnetic (EM) tracking capabilities, and integrates with external devices. Subdural haemtoma developing after a lumbar puncture is an an uncommonly seen entity but is reported in literature. We also encountered a young lady who underwent accidental lumbar puncture during epidural anesthesia for caesarian section and later started complaining of headache. Examination did not reveal any gross sensory motor deficit. MRI brain done for headache however picked up the. Perindopril and residual chronic subdural hematoma volumes six weeks after burr hole surgery: a randomized trial. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2014;123:4-8. Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar; 12. Thotakura AK, Marabathina NR. Nonsurgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma with steroids. World Neurosurg 2015;84(6):1968-1972

A 49-year-old woman presented with status migrainosus. A CT head revealed only bilateral symmetric burr holes in the posterior paramedian calvarium despite no prior cranial surgery (figure). These holes ultimately represented enlarged parietal foramina (EPF) unrelated to her presentation. EPF are rare developmental defects of the parietal bones (prevalence of 1:15,000-50,000) commonly due to. A subdural hematoma (SDH) is a type of bleeding in which a collection of blood—usually associated with a traumatic brain injury—gathers between the inner layer of the dura mater and the arachnoid mater of the meninges surrounding the brain.It usually results from tears in bridging veins that cross the subdural space.. Subdural hematomas may cause an increase in the pressure inside the. Anaesthetic management of paediatric posterior fossa surgery should take account of the principles of both paediatric and neuro-anaesthesia. The posterior fossa or infratentorial fossa is a compact and rigid compartment with poor compliance. Small additional volumes (e.g. tumour, haematoma) within the space can result in significant elevation. Introduction Outcomes rated on impairment scales are satisfactory after burr hole trepanation for chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH). However, the surgery leads to bony defects in the skull with skin depressions above that are frequently considered aesthetically unsatisfactory by the patients. Those defects could be covered by the approved medical devices (burr hole covers), but this is rarely.

Imaging of the Post-operative Cranium RadioGraphic

Stanisic M, Lund-Johansen M, Mahesparan R. Treatment of chronic subdural hematoma by burr-hole craniostomy in adults: influence of some factors on postoperative recurrence. Acta Neurochir (Wien. View Head Trauma.ppt from SURGERY 1 at Al-Quds University. Head Trauma Dr. Nidal Abuhadrous Consultant Neurosurgeon & Head of Neurosurgery - EGH Arab Board of Neurosurgery Member of the Royal Colleg Proportional adjustments are made in relation to the length of the AC-PC line of the patient. When the target coordinates have been defined, the patient is mildly sedated. Under local anesthetic, the target site is reached through a frontal burr hole placed 1 cm anterior to the coronal suture and 3 cm lateral to the sagittal suture Burr hole placement is generally performed for intracranial epidural abscess when the patient is considered too frail to undergo craniotomy. It is associated with a higher rate of recurrence of the empyema, compared to craniotomy. Burr hole placement may also lead to secondary injury of the cortex, possibly exacerbating the infection. Spinal. A patient-centered philosophy. At Neurosurgeons of New Jersey, we have a patient-centered treatment philosophy, which is our patients come first. Our mission is to provide patients with outstanding care by the best neurosurgeons in the country and achieve excellent outcomes. My surgery was a huge success and I am finally living a pain-free life

Craniotomy Vs Burr Holes - A Pictures Of Hole 2018Neos BHIDRole of CT perfusion imaging in evaluating the effects of

Critical Care of the Neurosurgical Patient; Care and

requesting cosmetic surgery. Therefore, the root operation Alteration is coded. The only option that includes the root operation Alteration is option C. Scenario #3, continued Section Medical and Surgical 0 (Microsoft PowerPoint - Taiwan_ICD10PCSCodingPartII.ppt [ ۮe Ҧ ] First, your neurosurgery team will use brain mapping to determine the exact placement for the DBS lead. Next, the neurosurgeon will insert the lead through a small opening in the skull called a burr hole. Your neurologist will ask you to answer questions and move your fingers or toes during the surgery Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is part of the treatment options for suitable patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH),1 affording improved quality of life and survival. Subdural hemorrhage (SDH) is a potential complication of PEA and may result from a combination of factors, including the use of anticoagulation therapy, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Emergency surgery may be needed to reduce pressure within the brain. This may involve drilling a small hole in the skull to drain any blood and relieve pressure on the brain. Large hematomas or solid blood clots may need to be removed through a procedure called a craniotomy, which creates a larger opening in the skull Next, preparing for surgery. Before surgery, you'll need medical tests to make sure that deep brain stimulation is a safe and appropriate option for you. You'll also need brain-imaging studies, such as an MRI, before the surgery, to map the areas of your brain to implant the electrodes. What you can expect During the surgery

PPT - Acute Intracranial Problems PowerPoint Presentation

Next, one or two burr holes are made in the skull with a drill. Inserting a special saw through the burr holes, the surgeon cuts the outline of a bone flap like a paper doll with surgical scissors. The bone flap is lifted and removed to expose the protective covering of the brain, called dura In a review of 92 patients presenting over a 3-year period with 112 chronic subdural hematomas, 49 underwent craniotomy and 43 underwent burr-hole treatment. The recurrence of hematomas, requiring another operation, occurred in 8.6%; operative mortality was 2.2% at hospital discharge and 4.4% at follow-up The keyhole burr hole is extended anteriorly to permit entry into the orbit. A subperiosteal orbital dissection is performed, and control of the anterior and posterior ethmoidal arteries can be accomplished before any tumor dissection. 49 The orbital osteotomies are completed with a cut at the frontozygomatic and frontonasal sutures (see Fig. Subdural hemorrhage (SDH) (also commonly called a subdural hematoma) is a collection of blood accumulating in the subdural space, the potential space between the dura and arachnoid mater of the meninges around the brain.SDH can happen in any age group, is mainly due to head trauma and CT scans are usually sufficient to make the diagnosis